Curated Optogenetic Publication Database

Search precisely and efficiently by using the advantage of the hand-assigned publication tags that allow you to search for papers involving a specific trait, e.g. a particular optogenetic switch or a host organism.

Showing 1 - 3 of 3 results

Time-Resolved X-Ray Solution Scattering Reveals the Structural Photoactivation of a Light-Oxygen-Voltage Photoreceptor.

blue LOV domains Background
Structure, 8 May 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2017.04.006 Link to full text
Abstract: Light-oxygen-voltage (LOV) receptors are sensory proteins controlling a wide range of organismal adaptations in multiple kingdoms of life. Because of their modular nature, LOV domains are also attractive for use as optogenetic actuators. A flavin chromophore absorbs blue light, forms a bond with a proximal cysteine residue, and induces changes in the surroundings. There is a gap of knowledge on how this initial signal is relayed further through the sensor to the effector module. To characterize these conformational changes, we apply time-resolved X-ray scattering to the homodimeric LOV domain from Bacillus subtilis YtvA. We observe a global structural change in the LOV dimer synchronous with the formation of the chromophore photoproduct state. Using molecular modeling, this change is identified as splaying apart and relative rotation of the two monomers, which leads to an increased separation at the anchoring site of the effector modules.

Structure of a bacteriophytochrome and light-stimulated protomer swapping with a gene repressor.

near-infrared Phytochromes Background
Structure, 12 Jul 2012 DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2012.06.002 Link to full text
Abstract: Phytochromes are photoreceptors in phototropic organisms that respond to light conditions by changing interactions between a response regulator and DNA. Bacterial phytochromes (BphPs) comprise an input photosensory core domain (PCD) and an output transducing domain (OTD). We report the structure of a BphP containing both PCD and the majority of its OTD, and demonstrate interaction with its cognate repressor. The OTD of RpBphP1, from Rhodopseudomonas palustris, is composed of a PAS/PAC domain and, to our knowledge, a hitherto unrecognized two-helix output sensor (HOS) domain. Unlike canonical BphPs, it does not transmit phosphorelay signals but forms a complex with the transcriptional repressor RpPpsR2 on photoconversion with far-red light. We show that HOS is essential for complex formation and that the anti-parallel dimer geometry is crucial in achieving HOS domain activation and protomer swapping under the control of light. These results provide insights into the steps taken by a two-component signaling system.

Crystal structures of Aureochrome1 LOV suggest new design strategies for optogenetics.

blue LOV domains Background
Structure, 3 Apr 2012 DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2012.02.016 Link to full text
Abstract: Aureochrome1, a signaling photoreceptor from a eukaryotic photosynthetic stramenopile, confers blue-light-regulated DNA binding on the organism. Its topology, in which a C-terminal LOV sensor domain is linked to an N-terminal DNA-binding bZIP effector domain, contrasts with the reverse sensor-effector topology in most other known LOV-photoreceptors. How, then, is signal transmitted in Aureochrome1? The dark- and light-state crystal structures of Aureochrome1 LOV domain (AuLOV) show that its helical N- and C-terminal flanking regions are packed against the external surface of the core β sheet, opposite to the FMN chromophore on the internal surface. Light-induced conformational changes occur in the quaternary structure of the AuLOV dimer and in Phe298 of the Hβ strand in the core. The properties of AuLOV extend the applicability of LOV domains as versatile design modules that permit fusion to effector domains via either the N- or C-termini to confer blue-light sensitivity.
Submit a new publication to our database