Photoreceptor YtvA
Binding partner /
Cofactor FMN, FAD or RF
Source organism Bacillus subtilis
Mode of action homodimerization
Excitation wavelength 450 nm
Reversion wavelength dark
Excitation time minutes
Reversion time hours
Crystal structure of YtvA, ground state. (PDB ID: 2PR5)

Related original publications

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  1. NIR light-responsive bacteria with live bio-glue coatings for precise colonization in the gut. Cell Rep, 2021
  2. Optogenetic Control of Microbial Consortia Populations for Chemical Production. ACS Synth Biol, 2021
  3. Engineering Gac/Rsm Signaling Cascade for Optogenetic Induction of the Pathogenicity Switch in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. ACS Synth Biol, 2021
  4. Optotheranostic Nanosystem with Phone Visual Diagnosis and Optogenetic Microbial Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis At-Home Care. ACS Nano, 2021
  5. Optogenetical control of infection signaling cascade of bacteria by an engineered light-responsive protein. bioRxiv, 2020
  6. Upconversion optogenetic micro-nanosystem optically controls the secretion of light-responsive bacteria for systemic immunity regulation. Commun Biol, 2020
  7. Optogenetic control of the lac operon for bacterial chemical and protein production. Nat Chem Biol, 2020
  8. Printed Degradable Optical Waveguides for Guiding Light into Tissue. Adv Funct Mater, 2020
  9. Bringing Light into Cell-Free Expression. ACS Synth Biol, 2020
  10. A single-component light sensor system allows highly tunable and direct activation of gene expression in bacterial cells. Nucleic Acids Res, 2020
  11. Synthetic Biology Tools for the Fast-Growing Marine Bacterium Vibrio natriegens. ACS Synth Biol, 2019
  12. Pulsatile illumination for photobiology and optogenetics. Meth Enzymol, 2019
  13. Optoregulated Drug Release from an Engineered Living Material: Self-Replenishing Drug Depots for Long-Term, Light-Regulated Delivery. Small, 2018
  14. High-resolution Patterned Biofilm Deposition Using pDawn-Ag43. J Vis Exp, 2018
  15. A light-controlled cell lysis system in bacteria. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol, 2018
  16. Biofilm Lithography enables high-resolution cell patterning via optogenetic adhesin expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2018
  17. Optogenetic Control by Pulsed Illumination. Chembiochem, 2018
  18. Light induced expression of β-glucosidase in Escherichia coli with autolysis of cell. BMC Biotechnol, 2017
  19. Optogenetics Manipulation Enables Prevention of Biofilm Formation of Engineered Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Surfaces. ACS Synth Biol, 2017
  20. Engineering RGB color vision into Escherichia coli. Nat Chem Biol, 2017
  21. An extraordinary stringent and sensitive light-switchable gene expression system for bacterial cells. Cell Res, 2016
  22. From dusk till dawn: one-plasmid systems for light-regulated gene expression. J Mol Biol, 2012
  23. Design and signaling mechanism of light-regulated histidine kinases. J Mol Biol, 2008