VVD

Photoreceptor VVD
Binding partner /
Cofactor FMN or FAD
Source organism Neurospora crassa
Mode of action homodimerization
Excitation wavelength 450 nm
Reversion wavelength dark
Excitation time seconds
Reversion time hours
Crystal structure of the VVD homodimer. (PDB ID: 3RH8)

VVD-derived switches:

Related original publications

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  1. Modular and Molecular Optimization of a LOV (Light-Oxygen-Voltage)-Based Optogenetic Switch in Yeast. Int J Mol Sci, 2021
  2. Reliably Engineering and Controlling Stable Optogenetic Gene Circuits in Mammalian Cells. J Vis Exp, 2021
  3. A Light-Oxygen-Voltage Receptor Integrates Light and Temperature. J Mol Biol, 2021
  4. Engineering AraC to make it responsive to light instead of arabinose. Nat Chem Biol, 2021
  5. Light-induced local gene expression in primary chick cell culture system. Dev Growth Differ, 2021
  6. A synthetic BRET-based optogenetic device for pulsatile transgene expression enabling glucose homeostasis in mice. Nat Commun, 2021
  7. Photobiologically Directed Assembly of Gold Nanoparticles. Adv Biol, 2020
  8. Efficient photoactivatable Dre recombinase for cell type-specific spatiotemporal control of genome engineering in the mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2020
  9. Light-Regulated allosteric switch enables temporal and subcellular control of enzyme activity. Elife, 2020
  10. Spatiotemporal regulation of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation via upconversion optogenetic nanosystem. Nano Res, 2020
  11. Photoactivatable oncolytic adenovirus for optogenetic cancer therapy. Cell Death Dis, 2020
  12. Orthogonal Blue and Red Light Controlled Cell-Cell Adhesions Enable Sorting-out in Multicellular Structures. ACS Synth Biol, 2020
  13. A Light-Inducible Strain for Genome-Wide Histone Turnover Profiling in Neurospora crassa. Genetics, 2020
  14. A combination of LightOn gene expression system and tumor microenvironment-responsive nanoparticle delivery system for targeted breast cancer therapy. Acta Pharm Sin B, 2020
  15. An optimized toolbox for the optogenetic control of intracellular transport. J Cell Biol, 2020
  16. RecV recombinase system for in vivo targeted optogenomic modifications of single cells or cell populations. Nat Methods, 2020
  17. Light-Inducible Recombinases for Bacterial Optogenetics. ACS Synth Biol, 2020
  18. Coupling delay controls synchronized oscillation in the segmentation clock. Nature, 2020
  19. Targeted cell ablation in zebrafish using optogenetic transcriptional control. bioRxiv, 2019
  20. Noise-reducing optogenetic negative-feedback gene circuits in human cells. Nucleic Acids Res, 2019
  21. Engineering Strategy and Vector Library for the Rapid Generation of Modular Light-Controlled Protein-Protein Interactions. J Mol Biol, 2019
  22. Independent Blue and Red Light Triggered Narcissistic Self-Sorting Self-Assembly of Colloidal Particles. Small, 2019
  23. Direct observation and analysis of the dynamics of the photoresponsive transcription factor GAL4. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl, 2019
  24. A Single-Component Optogenetic System Allows Stringent Switch of Gene Expression in Yeast Cells. ACS Synth Biol, 2018
  25. Fungal Light-Oxygen-Voltage Domains for Optogenetic Control of Gene Expression and Flocculation in Yeast. MBio, 2018
  26. Near-infrared light-controlled systems for gene transcription regulation, protein targeting and spectral multiplexing. Nat Protoc, 2018
  27. An Optogenetic Method to Control and Analyze Gene Expression Patterns in Cell-to-cell Interactions. J Vis Exp, 2018
  28. Optogenetic perturbation and bioluminescence imaging to analyze cell-to-cell transfer of oscillatory information. Genes Dev, 2017
  29. Near-infrared optogenetic pair for protein regulation and spectral multiplexing. Nat Chem Biol, 2017
  30. Engineered Photoactivatable Genetic Switches Based on the Bacterium Phage T7 RNA Polymerase. ACS Synth Biol, 2016
  31. A light-switchable bidirectional expression system in filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. J Biotechnol, 2016
  32. Light-induced Notch activity controls neurogenic and gliogenic potential of neural progenitors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2016
  33. An extraordinary stringent and sensitive light-switchable gene expression system for bacterial cells. Cell Res, 2016
  34. A bacterial phytochrome-based optogenetic system controllable with near-infrared light. Nat Methods, 2016
  35. Rewiring Multidomain Protein Switches: Transforming a Fluorescent Zn(2+) Sensor into a Light-Responsive Zn(2+) Binding Protein. ACS Synth Biol, 2016
  36. Synthetic dual-input mammalian genetic circuits enable tunable and stringent transcription control by chemical and light. Nucleic Acids Res, 2015
  37. A light-switchable bidirectional expression module allowing simultaneous regulation of multiple genes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2015
  38. Engineered pairs of distinct photoswitches for optogenetic control of cellular proteins. Nat Commun, 2015
  39. Orthogonal optogenetic triple-gene control in Mammalian cells. ACS Synth Biol, 2014
  40. Spatio-temporally precise activation of engineered receptor tyrosine kinases by light. EMBO J, 2014
  41. Light-mediated control of gene expression in filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei. J Microbiol Methods, 2014
  42. Genetically engineered photoinducible homodimerization system with improved dimer-forming efficiency. ACS Chem Biol, 2014
  43. Fine tuning the LightOn light-switchable transgene expression system. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2013
  44. Multi-chromatic control of mammalian gene expression and signaling. Nucleic Acids Res, 2013
  45. Spatiotemporal control of gene expression by a light-switchable transgene system. Nat Methods, 2012