AsLOV2

Photoreceptor AsLOV2
Binding partner /
Cofactor FMN
Source organism Avena sativa
Mode of action intramolecular conformational change
Excitation wavelength 450 nm
Reversion wavelength dark
Excitation time seconds
Reversion time tens of seconds
Crystal structure of AsLOV2, ground state. (PDB ID: 2V1A)

AsLOV2-derived switches:

Related original publications

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  1. OptoLacI: optogenetically engineered lactose operon repressor LacI responsive to light instead of IPTG. Nucleic Acids Res, 2024
  2. Optogenetic inhibition of light-captured alcohol-taking striatal engrams facilitates extinction and suppresses reinstatement. bioRxiv, 2024
  3. Reversible Photoregulation of Cell-Cell Adhesions With Opto-E-cadherin. Bio Protoc, 2024
  4. Kinetic properties of optogenetic DNA editing by LiCre-loxP. bioRxiv, 2024
  5. Ultralow Background Membrane Editors for Spatiotemporal Control of Phosphatidic Acid Metabolism and Signaling ACS Cent Sci, 2024
  6. Quantitative comparison of nuclear transport inhibition by SARS coronavirus ORF6 reveals the importance of oligomerization. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2024
  7. Light inducible protein degradation in E. coli with the LOVdeg tag. Elife, 2024
  8. Rho GTPase activity crosstalk mediated by Arhgef11 and Arhgef12 coordinates cell protrusion-retraction cycles. Nat Commun, 2023
  9. Rapid characterization of anti-CRISPR proteins and optogenetically engineered variants using a versatile plasmid interference system. Nucleic Acids Res, 2023
  10. Optogenetic control of YAP reveals a dynamic communication code for stem cell fate and proliferation. Nat Commun, 2023
  11. Optogenetics for sensors: On-demand fluorescent labeling of histone epigenetics. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2023
  12. Turn-On Protein Switches for Controlling Actin Binding in Cells. bioRxiv, 2023
  13. Reversible photoregulation of cell-cell adhesions with opto-E-cadherin. Nat Commun, 2023
  14. Photoactivatable base editors for spatiotemporally controlled genome editing in vivo. Biomaterials, 2023
  15. Cell Cycle Control by Optogenetically Regulated Cell Cycle Inhibitor Protein p21. Biology (Basel), 2023
  16. Optogenetic control of Cdc48 for dynamic metabolic engineering in yeast. Metab Eng, 2023
  17. Light-switchable transcription factors obtained by direct screening in mammalian cells. Nat Commun, 2023
  18. Engineered allostery in light-regulated LOV-Turbo enables precise spatiotemporal control of proximity labeling in living cells. Nat Methods, 2023
  19. OptIC Notch reveals mechanism that regulates receptor interactions with CSL. Development, 2023
  20. Optogenetic control of YAP can enhance the rate of wound healing. Cell Mol Biol Lett, 2023
  21. Engineering of NEMO as calcium indicators with large dynamics and high sensitivity. Nat Methods, 2023
  22. Requirements for mammalian promoters to decode transcription factor dynamics. Nucleic Acids Res, 2023
  23. Allosteric inactivation of an engineered optogenetic GTPase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2023
  24. Light inducible protein degradation in E. coli with LOVtag. bioRxiv, 2023
  25. An engineered N-acyltransferase-LOV2 domain fusion protein enables light-inducible allosteric control of enzymatic activity. J Biol Chem, 2023
  26. Engineering of bidirectional, cyanobacteriochrome-based light-inducible dimers (BICYCL)s. Nat Methods, 2023
  27. LILAC: enhanced actin imaging with an optogenetic Lifeact. Nat Methods, 2023
  28. Optogenetic dissection of transcriptional repression in a multicellular organism. bioRxiv, 2022
  29. Two Rac1 pools integrate the direction and coordination of collective cell migration. Nat Commun, 2022
  30. Analysis of Slow-Cycling Variants of the Light-Inducible Nuclear Protein Export System LEXY in Mammalian Cells. ACS Synth Biol, 2022
  31. Spatial and temporal control of expression with light-gated LOV-LexA. G3 (Bethesda), 2022
  32. Optogenetic control of RelA reveals effect of transcription factor dynamics on downstream gene expression. bioRxiv, 2022
  33. A genetically encoded photo-proximity labeling approach for mapping protein territories. bioRxiv, 2022
  34. Optogenetic control of YAP cellular localisation and function. EMBO Rep, 2022
  35. Optical control of protein delivery and partitioning in the nucleolus. Nucleic Acids Res, 2022
  36. Local temporal Rac1-GTP nadirs and peaks restrict cell protrusions and retractions. Sci Adv, 2022
  37. Optogenetic control of the Bicoid morphogen reveals fast and slow modes of gap gene regulation. Cell Rep, 2022
  38. MYC amplifies gene expression through global changes in transcription factor dynamics. Cell Rep, 2022
  39. Quantification of nuclear transport inhibition by SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 using a broadly applicable live-cell dose-response pipeline. bioRxiv, 2021
  40. Analysis of Three Architectures for Controlling PTP1B with Light. ACS Synth Biol, 2021
  41. Two-input protein logic gate for computation in living cells. Nat Commun, 2021
  42. Desensitisation of Notch signalling through dynamic adaptation in the nucleus. EMBO J, 2021
  43. Mechanical worrying drives cell migration in crowded environments. bioRxiv, 2021
  44. Extremely rapid and reversible optogenetic perturbation of nuclear proteins in living embryos. Dev Cell, 2021
  45. Mechanosensitivity of nucleocytoplasmic transport. bioRxiv, 2021
  46. Circularly permuted AsLOV2 as an optogenetic module for engineering photoswitchable peptides. Chem Commun (Camb), 2021
  47. Reliably Engineering and Controlling Stable Optogenetic Gene Circuits in Mammalian Cells. J Vis Exp, 2021
  48. O-GlcNAc modification of nuclear pore complexes accelerates bidirectional transport. J Cell Biol, 2021
  49. Engineering a Blue Light Inducible SpyTag System (BLISS). J Am Chem Soc, 2021
  50. Rab10-Positive Tubular Structures Represent a Novel Endocytic Pathway That Diverges From Canonical Macropinocytosis in RAW264 Macrophages. Front Immunol, 2021
  51. A photo-switchable yeast isocitrate dehydrogenase to control metabolic flux through the citric acid cycle. bioRxiv, 2021
  52. Light-dependent N-end rule-mediated disruption of protein function in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS Genet, 2021
  53. Circularly permuted LOV2 as a modular photoswitch for optogenetic engineering. Nat Chem Biol, 2021
  54. Rac1 activation can generate untemplated, lamellar membrane ruffles. BMC Biol, 2021
  55. Optogenetic control of Neisseria meningitidis Cas9 genome editing using an engineered, light-switchable anti-CRISPR protein. Nucleic Acids Res, 2021
  56. Optogenetic control of calcium influx in mammalian cells. Methods Enzymol, 2021
  57. Structural Determinants for Light-Dependent Membrane Binding of a Photoswitchable Polybasic Domain. ACS Synth Biol, 2021
  58. A single-chain and fast-responding light-inducible Cre recombinase as a novel optogenetic switch. Elife, 2021
  59. Blue Light‐Operated CRISPR/Cas13b‐Mediated mRNA Knockdown (Lockdown). Adv Biol, 2021
  60. Optogenetic Control of Myocardin‐Related Transcription Factor A Subcellular Localization and Transcriptional Activity Steers Membrane Blebbing and Invasive Cancer Cell Motility. Adv Biol, 2021
  61. Design of Smart Antibody Mimetics with Photosensitive Switches. Adv Biol (Weinh), 2021
  62. High levels of Dorsal transcription factor downregulate, not promote, snail expression by regulating enhancer action. bioRxiv, 2021
  63. Engineering of a bona fide light-operated calcium channel. Nat Commun, 2021
  64. A versatile oblique plane microscope for large-scale and high-resolution imaging of subcellular dynamics. Elife, 2020
  65. An optogenetic switch for the Set2 methyltransferase provides evidence for transcription-dependent and -independent dynamics of H3K36 methylation. Genome Res, 2020
  66. Optogenetic activation of heterotrimeric G-proteins by LOV2GIVe, a rationally engineered modular protein. Elife, 2020
  67. Optogenetic Control Reveals Differential Promoter Interpretation of Transcription Factor Nuclear Translocation Dynamics. Cell Syst, 2020
  68. Development of light-responsive protein binding in the monobody non-immunoglobulin scaffold. Nat Commun, 2020
  69. Optogenetic control of protein binding using light-switchable nanobodies. Nat Commun, 2020
  70. Photo-SNAP-tag, a Light-Regulated Chemical Labeling System. ACS Chem Biol, 2020
  71. Optogenetic Downregulation of Protein Levels to Control Programmed Cell Death in Mammalian Cells with a Dual Blue-Light Switch. Methods Mol Biol, 2020
  72. Optogenetic Control of Nucleocytoplasmic Protein Transport. Methods Mol Biol, 2020
  73. Light-Inducible CRISPR Labeling. Methods Mol Biol, 2020
  74. Long-Range Optogenetic Control of Axon Guidance Overcomes Developmental Boundaries and Defects. Dev Cell, 2020
  75. Twist-dependent ratchet functioning downstream from Dorsal revealed using a light-inducible degron. Genes Dev, 2020
  76. Combining optogenetics with sensitive FRET imaging to monitor local microtubule manipulations. Sci Rep, 2020
  77. The histone H4 basic patch regulates SAGA-mediated H2B deubiquitylation and histone acetylation. J Biol Chem, 2020
  78. Optogenetic Control for Investigating Subcellular Localization of Fyn Kinase Activity in Single Live Cells. J Mol Biol, 2020
  79. Optogenetic engineering to probe the molecular choreography of STIM1-mediated cell signaling. Nat Commun, 2020
  80. Engineering light-controllable CAR T cells for cancer immunotherapy. Sci Adv, 2020
  81. Optogenetic Rac1 engineered from membrane lipid-binding RGS-LOV for inducible lamellipodia formation. Photochem Photobiol Sci, 2020
  82. Minimally disruptive optical control of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. Nat Commun, 2020
  83. Optogenetic regulation of endogenous proteins. Nat Commun, 2020
  84. Golgi-associated microtubules are fast cargo tracks and required for persistent cell migration. EMBO Rep, 2020
  85. Optogenetic control of spine-head JNK reveals a role in dendritic spine regression. eNeuro, 2020
  86. Mapping the proximity interaction network of the Rho-family GTPases reveals signalling pathways and regulatory mechanisms. Nat Cell Biol, 2019
  87. Directed evolution improves the catalytic efficiency of TEV protease. Nat Methods, 2019
  88. Visualization of a blue light transmission area in living animals using light-induced nuclear translocation of fluorescent proteins. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2019
  89. Locally Activating TrkB Receptor Generates Actin Waves and Specifies Axonal Fate. Cell Chem Biol, 2019
  90. Chemokine Receptor CCR7 Triggers an Endomembrane Signaling Complex for Spatial Rac Activation. Cell Rep, 2019
  91. Repurposing protein degradation for optogenetic modulation of protein activities. ACS Synth Biol, 2019
  92. Optogenetic Repressors of Gene Expression in Yeasts Using Light-Controlled Nuclear Localization. CMBE, 2019
  93. FRET-assisted photoactivation of flavoproteins for in vivo two-photon optogenetics. Nat Methods, 2019
  94. Coordination of protrusion dynamics within and between collectively migrating border cells by myosin II. Mol Biol Cell, 2019
  95. Reversible photocontrol of oxidase activity by inserting a photosensitive domain into the oxidase. BIOB, 2019
  96. VIEW-MOD: a versatile illumination engine with a modular optical design for fluorescence microscopy. Opt Express, 2019
  97. Optical control of transcription - genetically encoded photoswitchable variants of T7 RNA polymerase. Chembiochem, 2019
  98. Engineering Optogenetic Control of Endogenous p53 Protein Levels. Appl Sci, 2019
  99. Engineering proteins for allosteric control by light or ligands. Nat Protoc, 2019
  100. Optogenetic downregulation of protein levels with an ultrasensitive switch. ACS Synth Biol, 2019
  101. Optogenetic manipulation of stomatal kinetics improves carbon assimilation, water use, and growth. Science, 2019
  102. A yeast system for discovering optogenetic inhibitors of eukaryotic translation initiation. ACS Synth Biol, 2019
  103. Optogenetic control of cell morphogenesis on protein micropatterns. bioRxiv, 2019
  104. Optogenetic Navigation of Routes Leading to Protein Amyloidogenesis in Bacteria. J Mol Biol, 2019
  105. Photo‐ECM: A Blue Light Photoswitchable Synthetic Extracellular Matrix Protein for Reversible Control over Cell–Matrix Adhesion. Adv Biosyst, 2019
  106. Smallest near-infrared fluorescent protein evolved from cyanobacteriochrome as versatile tag for spectral multiplexing. Nat Commun, 2019
  107. Engineering Improved Photoswitches for the Control of Nucleocytoplasmic Distribution. ACS Synth Biol, 2018
  108. Integrating chemical and mechanical signals through dynamic coupling between cellular protrusions and pulsed ERK activation. Nat Commun, 2018
  109. Engineered anti-CRISPR proteins for optogenetic control of CRISPR-Cas9. Nat Methods, 2018
  110. A light-gated potassium channel for sustained neuronal inhibition. Nat Methods, 2018
  111. Optogenetic manipulation of intracellular calcium by BACCS promotes differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2018
  112. Cyclic Stiffness Modulation of Cell‐Laden Protein–Polymer Hydrogels in Response to User‐Specified Stimuli Including Light. Adv Biosyst, 2018
  113. Dual-controlled optogenetic system for the rapid down-regulation of protein levels in mammalian cells. Sci Rep, 2018
  114. Fam49/CYRI interacts with Rac1 and locally suppresses protrusions. Nat Cell Biol, 2018
  115. Discovering selective binders for photoswitchable proteins using phage display. ACS Synth Biol, 2018
  116. Near-infrared light-controlled systems for gene transcription regulation, protein targeting and spectral multiplexing. Nat Protoc, 2018
  117. A Rac1-FMNL2 signaling module affects cell-cell contact formation independent of Cdc42 and membrane protrusions. PLoS ONE, 2018
  118. Rewiring Calcium Signaling for Precise Transcriptional Reprogramming. ACS Synth Biol, 2018
  119. Near-infrared light-controlled gene expression and protein targeting in neurons and non-neuronal cells. Chembiochem, 2018
  120. Time-gated detection of protein-protein interactions with transcriptional readout. Elife, 2017
  121. Engineering a light-activated caspase-3 for precise ablation of neurons in vivo. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2017
  122. An engineered photoswitchable mammalian pyruvate kinase. FEBS J, 2017
  123. A calcium- and light-gated switch to induce gene expression in activated neurons. Nat Biotechnol, 2017
  124. A light- and calcium-gated transcription factor for imaging and manipulating activated neurons. Nat Biotechnol, 2017
  125. Rac1 switching at the right time and location is essential for Fcγ receptor-mediated phagosome formation. J Cell Sci, 2017
  126. Optical control of membrane tethering and interorganellar communication at nanoscales. Chem Sci, 2017
  127. A simple optogenetic MAPK inhibitor design reveals resonance between transcription-regulating circuitry and temporally-encoded inputs. Nat Commun, 2017
  128. Light-induced protein degradation in human-derived cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 2017
  129. Near-infrared optogenetic pair for protein regulation and spectral multiplexing. Nat Chem Biol, 2017
  130. Kinetics of Endogenous CaMKII Required for Synaptic Plasticity Revealed by Optogenetic Kinase Inhibitor. Neuron, 2017
  131. Investigations of human myosin VI targeting using optogenetically controlled cargo loading. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2017
  132. Engineering extrinsic disorder to control protein activity in living cells. Science, 2016
  133. Optogenetic Control of Nuclear Protein Import in Living Cells Using Light-Inducible Nuclear Localization Signals (LINuS). Curr Protoc Chem Biol, 2016
  134. Light-induced nuclear export reveals rapid dynamics of epigenetic modifications. Nat Chem Biol, 2016
  135. Post-translational control of protein function with light using a LOV-intein fusion protein. Mol Biosyst, 2016
  136. Optogenetic control of nuclear protein export. Nat Commun, 2016
  137. Regulation of neural gene transcription by optogenetic inhibition of the RE1-silencing transcription factor. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2015
  138. Near-infrared photoactivatable control of Ca(2+) signaling and optogenetic immunomodulation. Elife, 2015
  139. Photocontrolled Exposure of Pro-apoptotic Peptide Sequences in LOV Proteins Modulates Bcl-2 Family Interactions. Chembiochem, 2015
  140. Optical Control of Peroxisomal Trafficking. ACS Synth Biol, 2015
  141. Optogenetic control of endogenous Ca(2+) channels in vivo. Nat Biotechnol, 2015
  142. Labelling and optical erasure of synaptic memory traces in the motor cortex. Nature, 2015
  143. An Engineered Split Intein for Photoactivated Protein Trans-Splicing. PLoS ONE, 2015
  144. Light generation of intracellular Ca(2+) signals by a genetically encoded protein BACCS. Nat Commun, 2015
  145. Control of Protein Activity and Cell Fate Specification via Light-Mediated Nuclear Translocation. PLoS ONE, 2015
  146. Junctional actin assembly is mediated by Formin-like 2 downstream of Rac1. J Cell Biol, 2015
  147. Optogenetics. Engineering of a light-gated potassium channel. Science, 2015
  148. An optogenetic upgrade for the Tet-OFF system. Biotechnol Bioeng, 2015
  149. Engineering an improved light-induced dimer (iLID) for controlling the localization and activity of signaling proteins. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2014
  150. Structural details of light activation of the LOV2-based photoswitch PA-Rac1. ACS Chem Biol, 2014
  151. Remote control of myosin and kinesin motors using light-activated gearshifting. Nat Nanotechnol, 2014
  152. Engineering light-inducible nuclear localization signals for precise spatiotemporal control of protein dynamics in living cells. Nat Commun, 2014
  153. Manipulation of endogenous kinase activity in living cells using photoswitchable inhibitory peptides. ACS Synth Biol, 2014
  154. Rac1-dependent lamellipodial motility in prostate cancer PC-3 cells revealed by optogenetic control of Rac1 activity. PLoS ONE, 2014
  155. Optical control of the Ca2+ concentration in a live specimen with a genetically encoded Ca2+-releasing molecular tool. ACS Chem Biol, 2014
  156. A fully genetically encoded protein architecture for optical control of peptide ligand concentration. Nat Commun, 2014
  157. General method for regulating protein stability with light. ACS Chem Biol, 2013
  158. RasGRF2 Rac-GEF activity couples NMDA receptor calcium flux to enhanced synaptic transmission. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2013
  159. An optogenetic tool for the activation of endogenous diaphanous-related formins induces thickening of stress fibers without an increase in contractility. Cytoskeleton (Hoboken), 2013
  160. Nuclear actin network assembly by formins regulates the SRF coactivator MAL. Science, 2013
  161. Light activated cell migration in synthetic extracellular matrices. Biomaterials, 2012
  162. Controlling the DNA cleavage activity of light-inducible chimeric endonucleases by bidirectional photoactivation. Bioconjug Chem, 2012
  163. Designing photoswitchable peptides using the AsLOV2 domain. Chem Biol, 2012
  164. Engineering a photoactivated caspase-7 for rapid induction of apoptosis. ACS Synth Biol, 2011
  165. A synthetic photoactivated protein to generate local or global Ca(2+) signals. Chem Biol, 2011
  166. Rationally improving LOV domain-based photoswitches. Nat Methods, 2010
  167. Light-mediated activation reveals a key role for Rac in collective guidance of cell movement in vivo. Nat Cell Biol, 2010
  168. A genetically encoded photoactivatable Rac controls the motility of living cells. Nature, 2009
  169. Surface sites for engineering allosteric control in proteins. Science, 2008
  170. Light-activated DNA binding in a designed allosteric protein. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2008
  171. Rac1 is essential in cocaine-induced structural plasticity of nucleus accumbens neurons. Nat Neurosci, 2012
  172. LOV2-Controlled Photoactivation of Protein Trans-Splicing. Methods Mol Biol, 2017
  173. SPARK: A Transcriptional Assay for Recording Protein-Protein Interactions in a Defined Time Window. Curr Protoc, 2021